Sunday, January 20, 2019

A Passion for Snowdrops (Plus a Book Giveaway!)

Carolyn Walker

Carolyn Walker will tell you that serendipity played a small role in her passion for snowdrops. When she and her husband bought a gardener's cottage on an old estate in the winter of 1983, they had no idea that thousands of snowdrops lay hidden under the snow.

Much to Carolyn's delight the tiny, honey-scented blooms began to appear the following spring. Discovering thousands of snowdrops in late winter was thrilling. Carolyn says, "Many of those original snowdrops would bloom in February, so that’s when spring really began for me. When they flowered, I would put on my warmest set of work clothes, head out to the garden, and leave the winter doldrums behind."

Photograph by Carolyn Walker

Carolyn's interest in gardening actually begun much earlier.

"It was my roommate who really got me started–with houseplants–during our sophomore year in college," Carolyn tells me," As soon as I graduated, I branched out into vegetable gardening, which I pursued avidly for the next decade—I once grew 20 kinds of peppers.  Meanwhile, I went to law school and became an international corporate tax lawyer with weekends in the garden. In 1992, I decided I had had enough of the corporate world and quit.  When considering my next career, a friend suggested that I grow and sell plants. The rest is history."

Carolyn's fascination with snowdrops began to develop as her knowledge of gardening expanded.

"My snowdrop obsession began when I started reading old Heronswood catalogues. Dan Hinkley was a master at plant descriptions, and I ordered a few new cultivars each year. My fate as a galanthophile (British term for gardeners obsessed with snowdrops) was sealed when I visited Charles Cresson’s garden in Swarthmore Pennsylvania. Charles helped me see and appreciate the finest distinctions in snowdrops."

These days Carolyn not only collects snowdrops–she sells them too. The retail plant nursery Carolyn opened in 1992 specializes in plants for shade and offers an online catalogue of snowdrop plants (not bulbs) each spring. A few new varieties are added each year.

The tiny nodding flowers of Galanthus nivalis have white outer segments and 
green tips on the inner segments.

Growing your own Snowdrops

If you don't already have snowdrops in your garden, Carolyn recommends starting out with the common snowdrop Galanthus nivalis. They are readily available and easy to grow in almost any soil.
If you have already grown Galanthus nivalis, you may want to expand your collection to include some of the over 2,500 named cultivars available.
Curious to learn more about growing snowdrops, I asked Carolyn a series of questions:

Q: What growing conditions favour snowdrops best?

The most common species and their cultivars (G. nivalis, G. plicatus, G. elwesii, G woronowii, G. reginae-olgae, and G. gracilis) like partial shade or deciduous shade (not under evergreens– snowdrops like to take advantage of spring sunshine before deciduous trees leaf-out). They require well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter.
G. nivalis will grow just about anywhere and is happy in both moist and average soil. G. reginae-olgae likes a sunnier location and G. elwesii grows best in more southern garden zones 5 to 6 and warmer.

Q: Many gardeners will be surprised to learn that there are snowdrops that bloom as early as the fall. How has your collection of snowdrops extended the period of bloom in your garden?

Galanthus reginae-olgae starts blooming in my garden in early to mid-October and lasts for about four weeks. Just as it goes by, the first flowers of Galanthus elwesii var. monostichus 'Potter's Prelude' appear and continue through December. The giant snowdrop G. elwesii begins flowering in late January and February before the common snowdrop, G. nivalis, takes over for late February and March. The double 'Flore Pleno' and G. woronowii will provide flowers from late March into April depending on the weather.

Galanthus reginae-olgae. Photograph by Carolyn Walker.

Galanthus elwesii var. monostichus 'Potter's Prelude'
Photograph by Carolyn Walker

Q: Snowdrops flower at a time when there isn't a whole lot going on. That makes it easy to focus in on and appreciate the subtle distinctions in their flowers and foliage. Tell me a little about some of these unique and interesting characteristics.

'Ballerina'. Photograph by Carolyn Walker

I admire ‘Kite’ with its incredibly long outer segments (petals) and ‘Diggory’ for its plump and quilted flowers. Double snowdrops are fascinating as well. I particularly cherish ‘Ballerina’ for its elegance, while I laugh every time I pass by ‘Blewbury Tart’ having a bad hair day.

‘Lady Elphinstone’. Photograph by Carolyn Walker

Snowdrops with yellow inner marks and yellow ovaries (the cap on top of the flower) stand out as being quite distinct. I treasure my ‘Primrose Warburg’ and double yellow ‘Lady Elphinstone’. ‘E.A. Bowles’ is a poculiform snowdrop with inner and outer segments that are equal in size and pure white. 

Trym’ Photograph by Carolyn Walker

Another ornamental characteristic I’d like to mention is found in inverse poculiform snowdrops. In these flowers, the outer segments are shaped and marked like the inner segments. ‘Trym’ is the most famous example.  

‘Anglesey Orange Tip’. Photograph by Carolyn Walker

Finally, orange flushed snowdrops like ‘Anglesey Orange Tip’ is quite unique and interesting.

Q: Readers may be surprised to learn that there are actually thousands of named snowdrop cultivars. Do you have a few favourites?

I have picked six that I think any gardener would want to add to their garden after planting the most available species, G. nivalis, G. elwesii, and G. woronowii.  They are:

S. Arnott–considered to be the snowdrop that English gardeners would take to a desert island if they could have just one
Opheliaa Greatorex double that is easy to grow and a classic
Lady Beatrix Stanley–another classic double (doubles are my customer's favourites of the moderately priced cultivars)
Blewbury Tart–exotic with lots of green on the outside (multiplies prolifically)
Potter’s Prelude–fall-blooming
Primrose Warburg–yellow (which is all the rage right now)

Galanthus 'Blewbury Tart'. Photograph by Carolyn Walker

Galanthus 'Primrose Warburg'. Photograph by Carolyn Walker

Q: What is the best way to purchase snowdrops?

Like daffodils, snowdrops can be purchased as dried bulbs. If you are purchasing common snowdrops, inexpensive dried bulbs are fine, but for more rare and expensive varieties, dried bulbs are not your best option. Snowdrops do not like to be dried, so even for Galanthus nivalis there will be a high mortality rate. Plants that do survive may never perform well. It's always best to start with plants when available.

Occasionally snowdrops that have bloomed and gone dormant are lifted and sold in late summer.  Generally, this method is pretty reliable, but if the following winter is unusually harsh, bulbs lifted in summer are often not as hardy as spring-planted ones.

The best way to purchase snowdrops is "in the green" or as a plant blooming in spring. This assures that you have received the correct variety and allows you to be confident the plant is healthy. Acquiring blooming snowdrops also gives the plant plenty of time to get established before winter arrives.

A classic double 'Lady Beatrix Stanley'. Photograph by Carolyn Walker

Q: How and when should you divide Snowdrops?

Snowdrops don't need to be divided unless they become crowded and stop producing flowers, but dividing clumps regularly will greatly increase the number of snowdrops you have in the garden.
Lift them as soon as they have finish flowering. Divide and replant them spreading out the bulbs.

Q: Do you have any suggestions for companion plants?

My favourites are Italian arum, hardy cyclamen, winter aconite, snow crocus, Siberian and Tubergen squill, silver-leafed lamium, heucheras, hellebores, camellias and evergreen ferns.

Top row left to right: lamium, Siberian squill, rose-colored hellebore. Bottom row left to right: Burgundy-colored hellebore, winter aconite and heuchera.

Snowdrops and cyclamen in Colesbourne Park. Photograph by Carolyn Walker

Book Draw

To help one lucky reader learn even more about snowdrops, Timber Press has generously provided me with a copy The Plant Lover's Guide to Snowdrops by Naomi Slade. Carolyn Walker describes this book as "the best source of information for gardeners just getting interested in snowdrops".

The book features profiles of 60 hybrids, species and cultivars, with information of flowering time, distinguishing features, and ease of cultivation. It also shows you how to grow and propagate snowdrops. With just over 200 color photos, this book is sure to inspire you to develop your own passion for snowdrops.

Because this book will go to a winner through the mail, we will have to limit entry to readers in Canada and the USA. Please leave a comment below, if you would like to be included in the book draw. The draw will remain open until Sunday, February 3rd. If you are not a blogger, you can enter by leaving a comment on the Three Dogs in a Garden Facebook page (there is an additional link to the Facebook page at the bottom of the blog). You are also welcome to enter by sending me an email (

Further reading:

The Plant Lover's Guide to Snowdrops by Naomi Slade is the best reference for gardeners just getting started with snowdrops. (RHS Plant Lover's Guide Series)

A Gardener's Guide to Snowdrops by Freda Cox (2013). Carolyn describes it as, "...a great reference with hand-drawn illustrations of 750 snowdrops."

Snowdrops by Gunter Waldorf with 300 photos.

Snowdrops: A Monograph of Cultivated Galanthus by Matt Bishop, Aaron Davis and Jon Grimshaw (Griffin Press 2006) Carolyn describes this book as the "British snowdrop bible". Unfortunately, it is out of print, but you may be able to find a copy in a secondhand bookstore.

Sources for Snowdrops:

American Sources:
• Carolyn's Shade Gardens
 Brent and Becky's Bulbs
 Far Reaches Farm
• Temple Nursery

Canadian Sources (Sadly only single and double Snowdrops are available here in Canada):
• Botanus
• Breck's Bulbs
• Vesseys

More Information and Links:

Carolyn's Shade Gardens is a retail nursery in Bryn Mawr, PA. specializing in unusual perennials for shade. The nursery includes a two-acre ornamental garden which allows visitors a chance to see the plants in a variety of settings.
Most of the plants are sold at a series of spring open houses. Many of them are grown by Carolyn herself without the use of fertilizers and sprays (except for deer). Perennials include a good selection of hellebores, pulmonarias, hosta, ferns, primroses, phlox, hardy geranium, unusual bulbs and of course, snowdrops.
The only plants the nursery ships are snowdrops and miniature hosta. (Please note: Plants can be shipped within the USA only. Sadly, Carolyn cannot ship plants to Canada.)

To be added to the email notification list for the 2020 Snowdrop Catalogue, please email Carolyn at

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Sunday, January 13, 2019

Mail Order Seed and Plant Resource List

Gardening books and catalogues are such great solace for gardeners in the cold winter months. I've updated my resource list of plant and seed suppliers and have thrown in a few temptations to get you dreaming about plans for spring. 

Lavatera is an annual easily grown from seed.

Botanus offers unusual bulbs, begonias, dahlias, gladiolus, gloxinias, lilies, fruit and veggies, roses, shrubs, vines and climbers, perennials, ferns and grasses. They have an online and print catalogue, as well as a weekly garden club video that airs every Thursday during the gardening season. (shipping within Canada)

Order a catalogue on the Botanus website or download a digital version here.

"‘CafĂ© au Lait’ is Botanus’ best-selling dahlia. One look at those luscious, creamy white petals with their blush of pink and it’s easy to see why. These big, prolific blooms, that show off an intricate petal design, should be in every flower-lovers garden," says Pam Dangelmaier, one of the three women who run Botanus.
 Pam's second recommendation is one I heartily champion as well. "Acidanthera bicolor murielae is such a delightful plant to grow. It blooms in late summer/early autumn at a time when most other flowering perennials are beginning to fade. And I haven’t even mentioned the scent! It’s heavenly – kinda of like baby powder and suntan lotion mixed into one. I just adore these blooms!", she says.

Blossom Hill Nursery specializes in Peonies and Delphiniums. They ship peonies for fall planting, so keep this reference to order later in the year. Their online catalogue offers word descriptions only. (ships within Canada)

Canning Perennials offers over 1500 varieties of hardy perennials including ornamental grasses, hosta, daylilies, clematis and groundcovers. They also have a selection of vines, roses, shrubs and water plants. New catalogue launches February 1st. (shipping within Canada only)

Dominion Seed House in Georgetown, Ontario sells a large selection of vegetable seeds and annual, biennial and perennial flower seeds. Online and print catalogue. (ships within Canada)

Dutch Girl Peonies out in British Columbia ships its peonies for fall planting, so keep this reference to order later in the year. For now, you can preview some of the 80 varieties of peonies via their online catalogue.

Floribunda Seeds sells both unusual and heirloom flower, herb and vegetable seeds. Online catalogue. (Ships worldwide)

Fraser's Thimble Farms is a rare and unusual plant nursery in British Columbia. They offer a wide range of hellebores, bulbs, Japanese hepaticas, ferns, hardy orchids. an A-Z list of unusual perennials, peonies, deciduous vines, shrubs and conifers/evergreens. (shipping within Canada & the USA only)

Dawn of Gardens Plus says that 'Diamond Lake' from Proven Winners has "attractive heart-shaped and heavily corrugated blue leaves that have wavy margins. The leaves can grow as large as nine inches wide and eleven inches long."

"Storm Shelter is a reblooming daylily with 5" blooms that are mauve with a purple-eggplant eye and matching edge. Lavender Blue Baby has 5.5" blooms with purplish-lavender petals and a lavender-blue eye. The edge of this daylily is ruffled and is white in color", says Dawn of Gardens Plus.

Gardens Plus is a mail order company and nursery that specializes in hosta and daylilies but also sells a range of perennials including hellebores, coneflowers and coral bells. The update to their online catalogue will be finished shortly. (ships within Canada)

Halifax Seed is a family owned seed company that began in 1866. As well as fruit and berries, they sell herb, flower and vegetable seeds and gardening tools and supplies. (shipping within Canada only)

Heritage Harvest Seed is a Canadian heirloom/heritage seed company that specializes in rare and endangered heirloom varieties of vegetables, flowers and herbs. (ships within Canada)

Lindenberg Seeds has both an online and print catalogue. They offer flower and vegetable seeds, perennials, bulbs and roots as well as gardening supplies. (shipping within Canada only)

Matchbox Garden is a small farm and seed company located on the Grand River in Haldimand County, Ontario. They produce over 120 varieties of open-pollinated, heirloom and rare vegetables, herbs, flowers, seed and seedlings. (ships within Canada)

"Rosa Bianca Eggplant is an Italian heirloom that is beautiful, productive, and very tasty. We use it in everything from ratatouille and eggplant parmesan to chutneys and stir-fry," says Hanna Jacobs of Matchbox Garden.

"Another crop I fell in love with last year was the Ananas Noire tomato. Not an heirloom but gorgeous and really flavourful. It's early for a beefsteak of that size, with prolific production," says Hanna of Matchbox Garden.

Ontario Seed is Canada's largest packet seed company and has been in business for over 125 years. As well as trees and ornamental grasses, they offer seeds for flowers (annual, biennial and perennial), vegetables, herbs, legumes and forage crops and lawn and groundcovers. Online and print catalogue.
(ships within Canada)

Order a catalogue on the Richters website or download a digital version here.

Richters have herb seeds and plants, gourmet vegetables, everlastings, oils, gardening books and tools. (shipping worldwide) 

Stokes Seeds As well as vegetable, flower and herbs seeds, Stokes sells garden accessories, books and tools. (shipping within Canada only)

Terra Edibles is enjoying its 25th year of selling heirloom tomato, bean, vegetable, herb and flower seeds–all organically grown. Online catalogue. (ships within Canada)

St Williams Nursery & Ecology Centre are focused on native plants, native seed mixes and speciality seedlings. (shipping within Canada only)

Taste of Eden Nursery specializes in hardy fruit trees, asparagus, small fruits, seeds and perennials. Online print catalogue. (ships within Canada)

Order a catalogue on the Vessey's website or find a digital version here.

Vessey's Seeds has been in business since 1939. They sell vegetable, herb and flower seeds, fruit and berries, tools and accessories. (ships within Canada and the USA)

Vivaces Nordiques is located in Quebec, Canada. Their speciality is daylilies or hemerocallis. Minimum $50 order. (shipping within Canada only).

Daylilies from Vivaces Nordiques 

West Coast Seeds is located in Vancouver, B.C. They specialize in heirloom, organic, non-GMO vegetable, herb and flower seeds. (shipping internationally)

Wildflower Farm is a great source for organically grown, non-GMO, native North American wildflower seeds, native grasses and wildflower seed mixes. (ships within Canada and the USA)

The 2019 catalogue will be available soon.

William Dam Seeds carry vegetable, herb, flower, climbers and vines, ornamental grass seeds, rootstock and bulbs, and garden supplies. (ships within Canada)

Wrightman Alpines specialize in alpine plants perfect for rock gardens. Their online catalogue lists 600 alpines. (ships within Canada and the USA)

Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds carries a large selection of seeds from the 19th century, including many Asian and European varieties. Online and print catalogue. (Serving Canada, the US and Mexico)

Bluestone Perennials Perennials, shrubs, bulbs grasses and groundcovers. Online and print catalogue. (ships within the USA)

Botanical Interests is a family-owned company that sells organic, untreated vegetable, flower and herb seeds. 90% are open-pollinated and are non-GMO. You can review their catalogue online or request a copy. (USA orders only)

Brent and Becky's Bulbs Seeds, perennials, bulbs, garden accessories and tools. Online and print catalogue.

Burpee Seed Company have flower, vegetable, herb, fruit, heirloom seeds, and garden's supplies. Online and print catalogue. (ships within the USA)

Everwilde Farms has GMO-free annual flower, wildflower, herb, native grass and heirloom vegetable seeds. Online catalogue. (shipping worldwide)

 The opening page of the Floret website reads, "Live a flower-filled life." Love that! 
China Aster Rose Quartz Mixed from Floret seen above.

Floret's Breadseed Poppy Pink Peony (seen right- sadly not available in Canada) and Iceland Poppies Sherbet Mix (seen left) 

Floret Flowers is a family-run flower farm in Washington's Skagit Valley that has become well known for its unique and heirloom flowers. They sell a curated collection of seeds, bulbs and dahlias as well as gift and paper goods. (shipping worldwide)

Johnny's Selected Seeds offers vegetable, herb and flower seeds. Online and print catalogue. (ships worldwide)

Northland Rosarium sells roses that are container grown on their own roots (ships within the USA only).

Outside Pride offers over 1000 flower, herb and groundcover seeds. (ships within the USA).

Plant World Seeds offers 3000 varieties of flower, vegetable, grass, vines and climbers, trees and shrubs seeds. (shipping worldwide).

Prairie Moon specializes in bee-friendly native plants. They offer seed and seed mixes, plants, books and tools. Online and print catalogue. (ships to USA and Canada)

A closeup of the seed packet and a picture of the foxgloves from Renee's trail garden.

Renee's Garden Seeds features Renee Shepard's personal selection certified organic, non-GMO vegetable, herb and flower seeds. The seed packets have wonderful illustrations making them a nice gift. Renne's also carry three cookbooks and a collection of "scatter garden" seed canisters. Online catalogue. (Canada and the USA only)

Select Seeds specializes in bee-friendly flowers, vegetables and herbs, flowering vines, rare annuals and perennials. Online and print catalogue. (ships to USA and Canada)

Swallowtail Seeds has annual and perennial flower seeds, flowering vine seeds, vegetable and herb seeds. (shipping worldwide)

Territorial Seed Company is a family-owned business that offers vegetable seeds and plants, flowers and herbs, fruit and vines, garlic and tomatoes, heirloom and open-pollinated vegetable plants and seeds as well as garden supplies. (ships only within the USA)

Turtle Tree Seeds is a small non-profit seed company that sells 100% open-pollinated vegetable, flower and herb seeds. Their seeds are non-GMO, non-hybrid, never treated and grown without the use of chemicals. (ships only within the USA)

White Flower Farm offers a wide range of perennials, annuals, bulbs, shrubs, vines, roses, gardening tools and supplies. (ships only within the USA)


Chiltern Seeds is a U.K. seed company that specializes in unusual flower, vegetable, herb, tree, shrub and climber seeds.

Disclaimer: This is not a sponsored post. This list was compiled from sources with which I am familiar with and those that readers have recommended to me. I sent out as many requests as I could to various companies asking them to suggest a couple of items that gardeners would be excited to order in spring 2019.  Not everyone replied with suggestions.

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 Did I miss any plant and seed companies that you'd like to recommend? Please leave a comment below. What plants and seeds are on your wishlist for 2019?

And the Winner Is...

I don't think I have ever had so many entries in a book draw! Thank you to everyone who took the time to enter on Facebook, by email and by leaving comments on the blog. 

Thanks also to Timber Press for providing a copy of Gardenlust: A Botanical Tour of the World's Best Gardens. 

I had my husband help me draw a name. And the winner is...

Congratulations Dianne! I will be in touch in the next few days to get your home address.

Thursday, January 3, 2019

Looking back and Moving Forward into 2019

A photo taken by my dear husband.

When my father called me on Tuesday morning to wish me a happy new year, he told me he had celebrated into the night at a party with live music, singing and dancing. Myself, I fell asleep on the coach shortly after dinner. Goodness, my 93-year-old father has put me to shame!

When I woke up around nine, I found my husband had already done the dinner dishes. How grateful am I that I have a husband who does the dishes all on his own even after a long, hard day at work! To close our wild New Year's Eve, we grabbed our umbrellas and took the dogs for their nightly walk. The drizzle was so heavy it might better be described as rain. Mild temperatures and rain on New Year's Eve in Ontario. How very odd that seemed! For our walk, the boys wore their sporty red raincoats because they'd be drenched otherwise. Even so, I still had to dry them with a towel when we got back.

We finally crawled into bed sometime after eleven. My husband drifted off to sleep almost immediately, but I lay awake long enough to hear the first of the fireworks at midnight. Welcome, 2019!

Buddy (on the left) lived to be almost twenty. The bunny with his buddy Piper (on the right).

I am not sad to put 2018 behind me. It was a difficult year. First, our oldest dog passed away and then our pet rabbit. The most difficult loss of all was my Mom in October. I am glad that I still have my Dad to fuss over (though perhaps the worry is unwarranted after hearing about all the singing he did on New Year's Eve. I always knew he loved music, but I had no idea he loved to sing until recently. Myself, I sing like a toad. Obviously, singing on key is not a gift he has passed on to me!)

Even my blog had its difficulties in 2018. Google made technical changes and page views dropped just when they would usually start to peak. Never have a come so close to quitting altogether. Somehow I have managed to rally my spirits mid-summer. Tough times seem to have stirred a renewed determination.

For me, taking a look back at the posts in 2018 is an important exercise. What blog posts resonated with readers and what fell flat? I have begun to put together my editorial calendar for 2019 and it's always helpful to look back at the previous year with a critical eye towards improvement.

For you the reader, I hope this is a way to catch up on any posts you might have missed.

In the past, I haven't written a lot about indoor gardening, but there is such a renewal of interest in houseplants, it's a missed opportunity.

This post, in which I featured one of the more quirky houseplants in my personal collection, was very popular. A few readers commented that this odd-looking plant looked "ghostly". For me the fuzzy, grey foliage makes me think of Q-tips.

I have been doing more plant profiles on Three Dogs in a Garden. In this very popular post, many gardeners were intrigued by more unusual forms of Rudbeckia, a common cottage garden plant: Lesser-Known Rudbeckia.

Finishing second was New Perennials from Proven Winners. No surprise there! What enthusiastic plant collector doesn't like to read about all the new plants coming to market in the spring.

Two further plant posts, Baptisia: How to Grow It + Newly Introduced Cultivars and How to Grow Bearded Iris, were also very well received.

An experiment that got mixed reviews were blog posts on creating themed gardens. Creating a Fragrant Garden Season by Season did not attract as much interest as I hoped, but Creating a White Garden did fairly well.

A Visit to Grange Hollow Nursery was the most popular of the public spaces I showcased. 

Grange Hollow is a family-run nursery located in Grey Bruce County just south of Owen Sound. Hardy perennials, annual flowers, herbs, heirloom tomatoes and a wide range of vegetable transplants are sold at the nursery, but what makes Grange Hollow stand out are the inspirational display gardens.

As always, I featured quite a number of private gardens. Two were reader favourites. Finishing second in terms of readership was A Pretty Cottage Garden that was photographed in late May.

The most popular private garden was a bit of a dark horse. I showed this garden with a bit of trepidation knowing that not everyone is a fan of garden gnomes (or in this case, the equivalent). 

I wrote passionately that Eva Martini's garden, "... speaks to the personality and imagination of the woman that created it. You know a little something about her by the time you wonder the pathways and stop at all the little vignettes. And I think that's great." 

Judging from the number of page views, readers agreed.

I also tried a slightly different approach to showing a private garden. With less focus on the garden's story, and more concentration on ideas readers could use was the post 10+ Ideas to Borrow for your Garden.  Mining a Garden for Inspiration: 10 Ideas to Borrow this Spring did even better.

The most popular post of 2018 was 10+ Numbered and Identified Shade Planting Schemes by a landslide. No surprises there! Shade gardens are a real challenge for most people. Combining perennials with trees and shrubs is also a difficult task in both sun and shade. 

Looking forward now into the year ahead, both my husband and I am super excited about installing a waterfall, stream and pond. Last summer we laid out the watercourse, planted the flowerbeds at the water's edge and built the two bridges that will cross the stream. 

Now we need to go back in, dig out the area out and lay the liner. A pump will create a waterfall at one end and a second pump in the pond will recirculate the water. 

I am not sure if the pond will be deep enough for koi, but I am looking forward to 
watching fish and frogs in our new pond.

A bee on my Monarda.

 Just two dogs in a garden now.

Phlox paniculata 'David's Lavander' out front.

I am also hoping to build a rose trellis, rebuild our compost bins, lay paths and finish the area at the side of the house. 2019 is going to be a busy year!